Definition of International Law

Part of the law that governs the activities of international entities. Initially, international law was only defined as the behavior and relations between countries, but a more complex pattern of developing international relations later broadened this notion that international law also deals with the structure and behavior of international organizations and to some extent, multinational companies and individuals.

International Law

International law is the law of nations, international law or law between countries. The laws of the nations are used to denote the customs and legal rules that were in effect in the relationship between ancient kings. International law or state law refers to the complex rules and principles that govern the relationships between members of society, nations or states.

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Differences and Similarities in International Law

Public international law is different from private international law. Overall international private law rules and legal principles governing civil relations that cross national boundaries or laws that regulate civil law relations between the actors of each legal subject for different civil (national) laws. While international law is the overall rules and legal principles governing relations or issues that cross national boundaries (international relations), it is not civil.

The similarities are that both govern relationships or issues that cross national (international) boundaries. The difference is in the nature of the law or subject (object).

International Law and World Law

International law is based on the notion of the international community which consists of a number of sovereigns and is independent in the sense that each stands alone which is not under any other authority so that the legal order of coordination between members of the international community is the same.

The laws of the world stem at the base of another thought. Influenced by the analogy with Constitutional Law (constitutional law), world law is a kind of world state (federation) which includes all countries in the world. Hierarchical world states exist in national states. The world legal order under this concept is the subordinated legal order.

International Law Principles

Above, we have described two aspects of the international community as the sociological basis of international law, namely the existence of a number of countries and the need for these countries to establish relations with one another. This need for nations to coexist regularly is a necessary social reality.

Such regular relations are not solely the result of the fact that there are a number of countries and progress in various relations. Such physical facts do not in themselves give rise to a society of nations. Also the necessity of living together, is just as part of the explanation why a group of this nation can truly be called an international legal community, there must be other binding elements besides the various facts which are mere facts of physical existence which have been described above.

This non material binding factor is the existence of the principle of legal equality between nations in this world, no matter how different the forms of positive law that apply in each country are without a legal community of nations.

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