Introduction to Criminal Law

Criminal law in New York is a complex and multifaceted system designed to maintain order and protect the rights of individuals within the state. Governed primarily by statutes enacted by the New York State Legislature and case law established by the state’s courts, the criminal justice system in New York encompasses a wide range of offenses, from misdemeanors to felonies. Understanding the fundamentals of criminal law in New York is crucial for both legal professionals and ordinary citizens alike.

Sources of Criminal Law

In New York, criminal law originates from various sources, including:

  1. Statutory Law: Laws passed by the New York State Legislature, codified in the New York Penal Law, Criminal Procedure Law, and other relevant statutes.
  2. Case Law: Legal precedents set by New York courts, including the Court of Appeals, Appellate Division, and trial courts.
  3. Constitutional Law: Protections and limitations outlined in
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